The plateau of the Tarapacá region is a vast area of about 15,000 square km, in this area the actions carried out by Conaf are related to the protection of the environment through the national system of protected wild areas, with a 170,000 hectare park called Isluga Volcano National Park, however there is no history of direct actions of restoration, forest enrichment, ecosystem stewardship, so the project will be part of the first activity of forest enrichment in the Colchane commune region and will serve as a pilot project for future restoration efforts.
The Project Areas
The forest recovery and enrichment project in the Chachacomane region (Isluga Volcano National Park, Colchane commune, Tarapacá region) with the species Polylepis tarapacana and Azorella compacta, at 4,500 meters above sea level in an area of 16 hectares, is expected to generate social, environmental and ecological benefits in the region and the country. Financed by the Lag Zones plan, the regional government of Tarapacá amounts to approximately 290,000,000 Chilean pesos, creating with this action, social benefits, by hiring local labour, economic benefits, through the creation of goods and services, ( non-wood forest products, landscape, etc.) and ecological benefits through the creation of forests of a "primary producer of the highland ecosystem, a key species in regulating the hydrological cycle of the ecosystem itself and influential in the region. This project is funded by The Lagged Zones plan, Tarapacá regional government, the project has a duration of 24 months.
The project will be carried out in the Chachacomane sector within the Isluga Volcano National Park; protected wild area of the State of Chile. In this sector, in a previously selected area, according to accessibility, conversations and agreements with the local community, confirming the existence of the species subject to reforestation, among others, the reforestation will be carried out. The reforestation will take place in 16 hectares.
The proposed planting framework is random, and according to observations in situ, it will be sought to resemble the normal development of this type of vegetation formations (llareta and queñoa), irrigation will be supplied biweekly for approximately 2 years in doses of 20 liters per shift, in a device called waterPiper, which corresponds to a sanitary PVC tube with caps and wick, which allows the induced supply to the root system and the vertical infiltration of water in the ground to promote root growth vertically in the profile of the floor.