Solutionscape: Harnessing benefits of biodiversity hotspots to improve people's well-being

Madagascar is a crucial area for biodiversity, but it's at risk due to deforestation. International support led to the creation of national parks like Masoala National Park in northeastern of the country. While deforestation has been reduced inside the park, it's increasing in the nearby areas, which is known as "leakage". This happens because people are putting more pressure on the forests since small farmers lost their land and don't have other ways to make a living. Currently, a lot of potential is seen in the development of globally-traded products like vanilla and clove, which can benefit both the environment and local people when grown alongside trees. These remote areas rely on their unique natural features and income from these valuable products. Conflicts and disorganized efforts among various actors are some of the additional challenges in the region.