The project intervention area will be private homestead lands owned by smallholder farmers. The selection of tree species within the project area would include large canopy and tall fruit bearing trees like Areca nut, Litchi, Cinnamon, Olive, Gooseberry with inter-cropping of herbaceous spice like turmeric, ginger, black pepper and fruit bearing trees like pineapple, lemon and banana. To generate additional income for the local communities, agro-silvicultural species like Kesseru and Som will be planted for sericulture practices.

Tree cultivation techniques involving planting of saplings in the pits with minimum disturbance to the soil will be employed by the selected farmers of this project. The improved package of practice involving less soil tillage, use of organic compost, recycling of biomass will work towards improvement in soil quality and availability of nutrients and hence higher productivity from the same piece of land.

This system of land use involving crop diversification and improved package of practice will not only improve the productivity of land but also promote agro-biodiversity conservation. The project aims to ensure that communities are more self-sufficient, improve productivity and income from their homestead land, as well as enhance the carbon sequestration potential through such interventions.

The project interventions are as follows:
Agroforestry, a key program initiative, has proven to be a sustainable land management system, offering economic, social, and environmental benefits. By increasing tree cover both above and below the ground, agroforestry practices are integrated into the project. This includes "Trees in Agriculture," where selected tree species are planted on cropland in a mixed cropping system, with farmers planting 100 long-term trees per hectare. Additionally, "Boundary/Hedge Tree Planting" involves planting selected trees along field boundaries, creating a microclimate for crops, acting as windbreaks, and stabilizing the soil. Species like Garcinia, coconut, olive, gooseberry, cinnamon, and jackfruit are chosen for boundary planting.

Establishing "Fruit Orchards" with trees such as olive, gooseberry, and coconut contributes to both nutrition and income for farmers. These permanent orchards also sequester carbon dioxide over an extended period. Approximately 1,089 fruit trees can be planted per hectare based on common practices.

"Sericulture" is an integral part of rural communities, involving the cultivation of host trees like Kesseru and Som for eri/muga silk rearing. This practice enhances livelihood opportunities, revenue generation, and soil productivity through increased biomass and improved microclimatic conditions. Sericulture serves as a vital agro-based industry, providing an alternative income source for poor rural families. Additionally, the practice extends beyond cocoon production, as protein-rich pupae are consumed, contributing to the economic and social independence of women, who are primarily involved in the sericulture process.

"Intercropping" involves planting multiple crops simultaneously, providing additional income, food, and shade, fixing nitrogen, and controlling weeds and soil erosion. This practice generates biomass for residues, promoting organic inputs like mulch and compost. Major plants used in intercropping in the project area include spices like turmeric, ginger, and fruits like banana, lemon, and pineapple.

"Composting" involves controlled biological and chemical decomposition, converting animal and plant wastes into humus. This organic fertilizer, derived from leaves, weeds, manure, and household waste, increases humic substances in the soil, improving its quantity and quality. The project promotes composting practices, including vermicompost, pit composting, and organic pesticides such as vermiwash, handikhatta, and jibaamrit, among individual beneficiaries as a sustainable method, not factored into the total economic rate of return (ERR) estimation.